It was with the creation of the National Committee for UNESCO that the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) began to work in the international and external economic arena.
At the end of 1990, the authority of the Republic made a proposal to the Commission of the USSR for UNESCO and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR to establish a regional office of the union commission for UNESCO in the form of a national committee in Yakutsk. The proposal of the republic was supported by the Executive Chairman of the National Commission of the USSR for UNESCO and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the RSFSR. On January 11, 1991 the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of Yakutia adopted a decree “On formation of the National Committee for UNESCO.” On February 23, 1991 the Committee held its first founding session, which was attended by over 160 representatives of creative unions, scientists, cultural and art workers of Yakutia. The session was attended by Rosa Otunbayeva, Chairman of the USSR Ministry of Foreign Affairs for UNESCO. The Committee provides communication and coordination between UNESCO and public institutions, non-governmental organizations of the republic, recognized authority people within UNESCO competence, handles the liaison with the Government of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) and UNESCO on issues relating to participation of the Republic in work of this international organization, as well as it works at dissemination of information about the objectives, principles and programs of UNESCO on the republic's territory.
Chairman of the National Committee for UNESCO is the first president of the Sakha Republic (Yakutia), Vice-Chairman of the Federation Council of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation M.Y.Nikolaev.