NAME OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE - Sikhote-Alinskiy

Ecological characteristics: The Reserve is situated in the central part of the Sikhote-Alin Mountain Range with average heights of 600 - 1000 m above sea level. This Range divides the Reserve’s territory into two zones with distinct morphologic, climate and vegetation characteristics. The Reserve includes also two plots in the Japan sea. Latitudinal and high-altitudinal vegetation belts are well observed within the territory - from the coastal area to the Sikhote-Alin Range. The Reserve conserves unique natural terrestrial complexes of virgin coniferous, coniferous-broad-leaved, dark-coniferous, light- coniferous, broad-leaved and small-leaved forests, meadows and high-mountain plots and also marine and coastal ecosystems of the Japan Sea. Nearly 1200 species of vascular plants, more than 400 species of vertebrates (among them 62 terrestrial and 10 marine mammal species) are found within the Reserve’s territory and aquatory. 24 of plant species and 53 vertebrate species are included into the Red Data Book of Russia and 39 vertebrates – into the IUCN Red List. The high diversity here was formed thanks to mixing species from the North and South, high degree of endemism and low level of invasion by alien species. These data collected during 70 years, are presented in the Reserve’s database. The Reserve’s territory has been included also into the World Natural Heritage List

Declaration date: 1978

Surface area: Total 1488428 ha

Core area: 401428 ha (two areas), including 2900 ha of the Japan sea aquatory

Buffer zone: 67660 ha

Transition areas: 1019340 ha

Administrative division: Primorski Krai

Human activities: Industrial logging in transition areas and stocking of non-timber forest products by local population; minerals mining; construction of roads and communication lines; hunting. Man-caused forest fires; trade of biological marine resources in the adjacent to the Reserve aquatories.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Sikhote-Alinskiy Biosphere Reserve, 44, Partizanskaya St., Terney settlement, Primorski Krai, 692150 Russia. Tel.: + 7 423 74 31559, fax: + 7 423 74 31378, E-mail: sikhote@vld.global-one.ru