NAME OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE - Laplandskiy

Ecological characteristics:

The peculiarity of biodiversity protected in the Reserve is connected with its history since it was organized on uninhabited territories before their intensive industrial development. This allowed to preserve unique natural complexes, biological and landscape diversity and to avoid conflicts with local population. At present, the Reserve includes three zones: the core area serves for the long-term preservation, monitoring and investigations. Its major asset is pristine nature. Old-aged forests cover almost 50% of whole territory that sometimes are three, five and even more hundred years old, with trunks up to 20 m in height, and 70 cm in diameter. 31 species of mammals inhabit the Reserve. As a result of serious protecting measures, the Reserve hosts the largest herd of wild reindeer in Scandinavia, with more than 1000 animals. Five species of vascular plants are enlisted in the Red Data Book of Russia. The buffer zone is located around the core area. Education activity and ecotourism are conducted there. The area of cooperation includes the public institutions and districts of Murmanskaya oblast and large industrial enterprises which guarantee social and economic welfare of region. So, the sustainable development of this region should be based at the compromise between nature conservation and economic development.

Declaration date: 1984

Surface area: Total 1088500 ha

Core area: 278500 ha

Buffer zone: 138000 ha

Transition areas: 672000 ha

Administrative division: Murmanskaya oblast

Human activities: Industrial air emissions and water pollution from large enterprises; forest fires in results of human activity.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Laplandskiy Biosphere Reserve, 8, Zeleny pereulok, Monchegorsk City, Murmanskaya oblast, 184506 Russia. Tel./fax: + 7 815 36 58018 E-mail: lapland@lapland.ru