THE GENERATION OF ELECTRONIC AGE. THE YOUTH POLICY OF THE KHANTY-MANSIYSK AUTONOMOUS OKRUG

  The young generation of Ugra is fully provided with comprehensive opportunities of education and development. National educational system and youth policy of the Okrug whose objectives and principles coincide with the UNESCO goals, contribute to it. They are focused on the achievement of accessible quality education that meets the tasks of innovative development of the economy, society's requirements and personal needs of the growing citizen of the country and the Okrug.

         The foundation is laid by preschool education, which has recently grown out from traditional concept of “kindergarden.” It now involves both public and private institutions or family institutions for children. Ugra is becoming a pilot region in the Urals Federal District for the implementation of socially significant project “Public-private partnerships for the development of pre-school education.” 459 pre-school educational institutions are attended by 91379 children from 0 to 7 years old. At the same time 5762 children receive preschool care services. 569 new places were opened for small business opportunities as a result of the annual competition for the best organization of supervision and care groups, family groups and groups of short-stay of children.

         However, it is important that modern methods and technologies create developing environment which along with care for the physical health, develops intellectual and creative attitude to the world. First, through the games, then through  interesting learning tasks that prepare the child to schooling. The educational program “Ugra springboard”, which is developed according to federal education standards of preschool education, is directed on it.

On August 7, 2014 the Government of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra adopted the plan of measures (“road map”) on formation and implementation of the pilot project of preschool education the Building garden in the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug for 2014-2015. It will allow:

1) to increase the number of places in the preschool educational institutions through the development of non-state sector of these services;

2) to create social and infrastructure conditions for the improvement of life quality of families;

3) to provide organizational, methodical, financial support of the non-state preschool educational institutions;

4) to provide decrease of financial burden on the budget of the Autonomous Okrug and budgets of municipalities through the attraction of non-budgetary sources, as to construction of buildings (rooms) for preschool educational organizations, and to their maintenance.

Work on drafting model modern energy efficient etablishments of preschool education with developmental environment and the possibility of their subsequent transformation for the elementary school is underway in cooperation with the World Bank experts.

         The most widespread general education in Ugra consists of 340 schools and boarding schools in a variety of natural and demographic conditions (69% city, 31% rural areas). Fifteen and a half thousand teaching staff educates 187408 students (a growth rate of 3424 students compared with 2012). 9 out of ten schools have all modern facilities, which is higher than an average level in Russia and is really significant taking into account the inaccessibility of some Ugra places. Innovations cover classes, subject labs and school libraries. In particular, in primary schools there are 1.3 thousand units of modern teaching and laboratory equipment, 105 sets for server and switching equipment, 898 interactive boards. 85.2% of urban and rural school libraries have access to the Internet. In general, the material and technical base of schools increased the share of students who study in modern conditions to 82.4% (the average share in Russia is 43.0%).

         Every year more than 20 schools receive grants for the development of material and technical base, the professional development of teachers.

         As in the whole country, Ugra has an effective system for the identification and development of young talents. The Ugra physico-mathematical boarding school, which for two years is the top Russian school of advanced level in the composite rating, serves an example. More than 200 educational institutions are pilot, flagship areas for new ideas and innovations. 46 of institutions are selected proving ground at the federal level.

         Continuous and comprehensive environmental education really matters for the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug-Ugra. All levels of general education are focused on a holistic active view of nature. In kindergartens careful attitude to nature is mold through “Ugra springboard” program.  All the primary grades have subjects and modules on ecology. The lesson of ecological knowledge is conducted in each class on the first day of each school year. Preschool students are very interested in ecological and natural history courses such as “We are the children of nature”, “Local area”; senior students - in serious “Ecology and Geography of KhMAO - Ugra.” The new course “Foundations of life safety” is closely linked with the principles of nature preservation. More than 7000 students participate in 434 study groups, clubs and other associations of young naturalists and nature defenders created in different parts of the Okrug. The students at all levels participate in social practices, such as the Okrug's environmental marathon “My Planet”, the Okrug's Actions “The alley of graduates”,”To Save and Preserve.” Children, teachers and scientists are actively involved in national and international programs that form ecological culture.

         In conformity with UNESCO strategy, children with disabilities are actively involved in education. In 2013-2014 academic year, there were 4058 children with various disabilities of school age in the Okrug. 19 educational institutions were established for their schooling and for adapting of educational programs to the needs of different categories of disabled children. It is a very serious and hard work of teachers, doctors, social workers, who adapt programs for the deaf and hard-of-hearing children, for children with severe speech disorders, children with delayed development and mentally retarded children. There are boarding schools with accommodation for orphans or children, deprived of parental care as well as sanatorium-type for those who need long-term treatment.

         Treatment and training are accompanied with social adaptation, for which children with disabilities are taught 34 specialties: “carpenter”, “plumber”, “seamstress”, “knitter knitwear, fabric”, “carpenter”, “plasterer”, “clean manager”, “cleaner premises” (maid), “florist”, “grower”, “hairdresser”, “cook” and others. However, the ideal case is when children with disabilities are integrated in the general education schools and groups and feel their full-fledged membership. There are 2440 children with special educational needs including 1777 children with disabilities and 797 physically challenged children in the Okrug’s general education schools.

         In each case the personality of a child who is in need of special attention is taken into account. Some children are able to attend special (correctional) classes with specialized program created in ordinary schools, others less mobile, with the consent of the parents (legal representatives) are provided with training at home for full individual educational program. More than 400 teachers are trained to use the distance learning techniques with the ICT; software and hardware connected to the Internet were installed.

            But it is impossible to limit life of these children to “sit-down” or sedentary, this is the reason why additional education includes physical culture and sports. In each educational institution there are sport clubs and groups with adaptive sports and young members of local or regional “Paralympics” have an opportunity to win the Paralympics of adults.

         In general, there is a humanitarian program that combines the efforts of medicine, education, social inclusion for a more fulfilling life for children with disabilities. It is fully consistent with the principles and practices of UNESCO, whose cooperation enhances the possibilities of regional authorities and the public.

         School children grow up and then face the choice of life. For them, for their homeland, for the whole country the accessibility and quality of vocational education are important. The Okrug’s system of vocational education is young. The first university in Ugra is not even quarter century old. The Government of the Autonomous Okrug is the founder of two universities (Surgut State University, Surgut Pedagogical University) and one Academy (Khanty-Mansiysk Medical Academy). There are also two federal universities - Ugra State University and Nizhnevartovsk State University. Such a concentration of institutions of higher education allows many thousands of young people to receive higher education without leaving the Okrug. Education is carried out on 83 specialties and areas that cover practically the entire spectrum of occupations and professions that is in demand in the labor market. The most relevant for the industry of the region are such areas as the “Energy”, “Construction”, “Oil and Gas Business.” Graduates of regional universities almost fully fill the need for specialists with higher education for social spheres such as “Education” and “Medicine.”

         Workers and middle level specialists for business and organizations study at the institutions of secondary vocational education - colleges. Almost every municipality has a college that trains highly qualified personnel to meet the request of the municipal labor market. Now there are 6 resource centers in the Okrug - in the field of IT-technology, engineering and energy, construction, transport, timber complexes of Ugra. By 2015 a resource center of agriculture will be launched in the framework of vocational education.

          The Multifunctional centre for applied qualifications on the basis of Autonomous institution of vocational education “Surgut professional college” was created in April 2013 with the support of the largest employers in the Autonomous Okrug - JSC “Surgutneftegas”, JSC “Tyumenenergo.” The Multifunctional centre for applied qualifications for oil and gas industries based on Kogalym Polytechnic College is scheduled to be opened with the support of JSC “Lukoil.”

         In general, vocational education system sends about 7000 graduates to the labor market annually. The universities and colleges - based centers of employment assistance activities help them. Each year 115 students (residents, interns) and postgraduate students are granted with educational allowance of the Governor of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra for the effective training of qualified staff, social protection of students, promotion of excellent study, participation in research and public activities. In total it amounts to about 5 million rubles annually.

         The employers should care about young recruits too. In order to stimulate them the first competition for the best system of work with young people in industrial enterprises was held in 2013. It was conducted with the support of the Federal Youth Agency of the Russian Federation. The winners of each of the 12 nominations receive a cash grant of 100.000 rubles. The funding is provided from the Department of Education and Youth Policy of the Okrug, administration of the city of Ugorsk, LLC “Gazprom transgaz Yugorsk”, the Autonomous institution “Center of technical sports” and the participation fee.

         But along with profession, public consciousness, civic initiative, tolerance among young people, prevention of anti-social behavior and extremism are very important. For this purpose, the annual cultural-educational project “International Youth Forum-Festival “North dialogue” is implemented. It brings together students of universities and colleges, youth leaders, youth organizations of the national-cultural autonomies, religious organizations of the Autonomous Okrug. “The fair of ideas and projects” aimed at the development of cross-cultural communication, discussion fora, talk shows, trainings is open for them. All that, together with amateur concerts, sport activities and other events help create a common socio-cultural environment that is important for all of Ugra.

         The educational support of the indigenous people of the North is specially highlighted. All in all, there are about 8000 children from hunting, fishing and reindeer herding communities in many schools (277) and preschool educational institutions (270). 28% of them learn native language in 28 schools and 8 kindergartens. Every year more than 200 representatives of indigenous northern people receive higher education, more than 600 - secondary vocational education.

         The researches in the field of preservation and development of local languages, carried out by the budgetary institution of the Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Ugra “Ob-Ugric Institute of Applied Research and Development”, help the indigenous people. The Institute has a scientific folklore archive of songs, fairy tales, legends, myths, beliefs, holidays and customs of the Ob-Ugric people. In order to systematize the folklore materials, the complex automated archival museum information system was introduced. It contains the electronic database of the archive fund.

         The transfer of data to electronic media (digitization) is carried out in compliance with all international standards approved by the Technical Committee of the International Association of Sound and Audiovisual Archives, operating under the auspices of UNESCO. Sound archive, aligned to the common standards of sound archiving, will allow including the collection of the Ob-Ugric Institute for applied research and development in the UNESCO “Memory of the World” program, which is designed to contribute to the conservation of the valuable archives and provide wider access to them.

         Currently digitized:

         materials in audio form - 94.8%;

         materials in video form - 9.2%.

         There is a great work to be done in the future. The scientific community of the Okrug includes 25 Candidates and 4 Doctors of Sciences of the small-numbered indigenous people.

         So, in today’s Ugra the spirit of ancient skills, myths and customs meet with the “digital” frame of the 21st century.