Ecological characteristics: The Reserve consists of 3 main and 3 clustered areas and encompasses picturesque valleys of the rivers Ugra and Zizdra and of the left-bank part of the Oka River. More than 65% of the area is covered by forests, rivers, lakes; within the boundaries of the Reserve there are 23 natural monuments, four key ornithological areas. Among the rich variety of flora and fauna five vascular plants and 30 species of animals are included into the Red Data Book of Russia. The Reserve’s territory is characterized by the landscape diversity. The Ugra area has the image of typical moraine valley with hilly landscape, numerous moors and springs of underground waters. Mixed conifers and broad-leaved forests are abundant everywhere on the territory. Zizdra valley is situated in the sub zone of deciduous forests and includes landscapes of moraine and erosive valleys. Old recurring indigenous forests on the right bank of the river are one of the preserved areas of the defensive intersection line of Moscow state in the 16-18th centuries. The territory is rich in objects of historical and cultural heritage including such famous religious centers as Saint Vvedenskaya Optina Monastery.

Declaration date: 2002

Surface area: Total 153832 ha

Core area: 9806 ha

Buffer zone: 22826 ha

Transition areas: 121200 ha

Administrative division: Kaluzhskaya oblast

Human activities: Destruction of proprietary and collective agriculture. Unorganized mass visits of the Reserve during days off. Low living standards of local population trying to make business rapidly with use of natural resources.

Protection classifications: National Park

Contact information: Ugra Biosphere Reserve, Prigorodnoye Lesnichestvo, Kaluga City, 248007 Russia. Tel.: + 7 484 2 725791, fax: + 7 484 2 725791, E-mail:, web-site: