NAME OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE - Teberda

Ecological characteristics: The Reserve is located on the northern slopes of the Main Caucasus Range in upper part of the Teberda valley. 83 % of its territory are situated over 2000 m above sea level. The climate is mild and warm. Average annual temperature is +5º - +7ºC. Maximum average temperature in July is +22,7°C Minimum average temperature in January is -7ºC. The average annual precipitation is 712,1 mm is noticed at a height of 1330 m. There are more than 100 glaciers which occupy 10 % of the total area of the Reserve. The brown soil is typical for this area. The full ecological range of high-mountainous ecosystems - from pine woods and conifers up to alpine meadows with river valleys and high-mountainous lakes is presented. On the area of 86000ha there are 1133 plant species; 262 species of vertebrate animals (53,5 % of all Caucasus region fauna, including Transcaucasus), as well as 47 mammal species (36,2 % of all Caucasus fauna) and 202 bird species. Several rare and endangered species of mammals and birds are protected: the West-Caucasian ibex, chamois, leopard, Caucasian otter, white-headed griffin, eagles, etc.

Declaration date: 1997

Surface area: Total 536000 ha

Core area: 86000 ha

Buffer zone: 150000 ha

Transition areas: 300000 ha

Administrative division: Karachaevo-Cherkesskaya Republic

Human activities: High recreational load in the excursion area of Dombai complex.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Teberda Biosphere Reserve, 1, Badukski-impass, Settlement Teberda, Karachaevo-Cherkesskaya Republic, 369210 Russia. Tel./fax: + 7 878 72 51808, Е-mail: teberda@mail.svkchr.ru