Ecological characteristics: The wetlands of the Lake Khanka make the unique natural complex of open plains with grassy meadows, bogs, swamps, numerous small lakes. In 1976 the area was included into the Ramsar List of wetlands of the international importance. The Reserve’s flora includes 711 species of vascular plants and 216 species of algae. The Reserve is one of few places of growth of Lotus lily (Nelumbo komarovii) and Prickly water lily (Euryale ferox), included in the Red Data Book of Russia. A number of vertebrate animals in core and buffer zones come to 477 species: one - cyclostomatous, 69 - of fishes, 6 - of amphibians and reptiles, 352 - of birds and 43 - of mammals. 144 species of birds are nesting here, among them Japanese (Grus japonensis) and White-naped (Grus vipio) cranes, Black-billed white stork (Ciconia boyciana) etc. During mass spring migration on the Khanka Lake it is possible to observe up to 500 thousand of ducks, geese and swans. The Reserve is a unique nesting-place of Intermediate egret (Egretta intermedia) and Reed parrotbill (Paradoxornis heudei) in Russia. In the western part of the Reserve there is one of the largest populations of a Soft-shell turtle (Pelodiscus sinensis) in the Russian Far East. 21 species of birds, 2 species of fishes are included in the IUCN Red List. 50 species of birds, 6 species of fishes, one species of reptiles and 3 species of mammals are included to the Red Data Book of Russia.

Declaration date: 2005

Surface area: Total 299896 ha

Core area: 39289 ha

Buffer zone: 72443 ha

Transition areas: 158400 ha

Administrative division: Primorski krai

Human activities: Water pollution with industrial sewage water, pesticides, herbicides and mineral fertilizers; burning of grass; poorly controlled fishery in Lake Khanka; amelioration drainage; waterfowl poaching.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Khankaiskiy Biosphere Reserve, 10, Yershova St., Spassk-Dalny town, Primorski krai, 692245 Russia. Tel.:+ 7 423 52 20887, fax: + 7 423 52 23138, E-mail:, web-site: