NAME OF BIOSPHERE RESERVE - Darvinskiy

Ecological characteristics: The Reserve is situated on a peninsula in the north-west of the Rybinsky Reservoir on the Volga River. Its territory comprises bogs, marshes and southern taiga forests. Southern taiga forests characterized by Pinus sylvestris, Picea abies, Oxalis acetosella etc.; oligotrophic moors with Andromeda polifolia, Eriophorum vaginatum, Rubus chamaemorus etc.; reservoir ecosystems with Potamogeton natans, Sagittaria sagittifolia, Phragmites communis etc.; waterlogged river valleys characterized by Phragmites communis and Phalaroides arundinacea. In total flora accounts 590 vascular plant species. The mammal fauna makes up 37 species. Moose, brown bear, wild boar, wolf, fox, badger, common weasel and hare are common; linx and otter are rare. Ornithofauna includes more than 230 species of nesting and migratory birds. Rare birds that nest in the area include the golden eagle and osprey. Due to the operation of nearby hydroelectric station, the water level the reservoir changes, thus affecting near-shore habitats. Starting from 1945 studies what impacts that this reservoir - one of the biggest in the world - would have on natural ecosystems have been regularly conducted. Thus, there is a long monitoring history of vegetation dynamics and hydrology in the area which is the valuable input into current study of climate changes. Declaration date: 2002

Surface area: Total 438243 ha

Core area: 158127 ha

Buffer zone: 70116 ha

Transition areas: 210000

Administrative division: Vologodskaya and Yaroslavskaya oblast

Human activities: People living around the Reserve are predominantly engaged in traditional agriculture, forestry, fishing and gathering wild berries which could have some impact on the protected ecosystems.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Darvinskiy Biosphere Reserve, Cherepovetsky District, p/o Ploskovo, Settlement Borok, Vologdskaya oblast, 162723 Russia. Tel./fax: + 7 820 2 666970, E-mail: dgpbz@rambler.ru