Ecological characteristics: There are three main types of habitat in the Reserve. Marine environment of the Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan. More than 1.200 species of marine animals and plants are noted in the Reserve's waters. Among them, about 170 species of fish, 300 species of Crustaceans, more than 200 species of mollusks and 30 species of Echinoderms. Under protection there are some benthic species, which form large gatherings necessary for effective reproduction: far–eastern sea-cucumber (trepang), two species of scallops, giant octopus, Kamchatka king crab. Even some coral species can be found here. Small Islands of the Peter the Great Bay, Sea of Japan. There are more than 1.500 species of terrestrial animals and plants. Among them vascular plants – about 1.000 species (7% of them need very special protection measures), birds – 370 species and 45 of them are in the IUCN Red List (Black-faced spoonbill, Swinhoe’s storm petrel, Chinese egret and others). Populations of some birds are restored, for instance Rhinoceros auklet. Seal Phoca largha breeds on the Reserve’s islands only, so its rookeries are also under special protection. Continental part of the Reserve. Birds: White-tailed eagle, Steller’ sea eagle and Black vulture are common in winter. Siberian tiger and Far Eastern leopard are found in coastal zone as well. More than 260 species of birds are noted in marsh areas during migrations.

Declaration date: 2003

Surface area: Total 121100 ha

Core area: 900 ha terrestrial; 45000 ha marine

Buffer zone: 200 ha terrestrial; 15000 ha marine

Transition areas: 15000 ha terrestrial, 68000 ha marine

Administrative division: Primorski krai

Human activities: Poaching activity which can eliminate some species and can lead to degradation of the natural communities.

Protection classifications: State nature reserve (Zapovednik)

Contact information: Far East Marine Biosphere Reserve, 17, Palchevsky St., Vladivostock, 690041 Russia. Tel./fax: + 7 423 2 310-915, E-mail: