Cultural criteria: ii, iv
Year of inclusion in the List of World Heritage: 2017
The Assumption Cathedral is located on the town-island of Sviyazhsk and is a part of a monastery bearing the same name. The town of Sviyazhsk, situated at the confluence of the Volga, Sviyaga and Shchuka rivers, at the crossroads of the Silk Road and the Volga River, was founded by Ivan the Terrible in 1551. It was from this outpost that Ivan the Terrible began the conquest of Kazan. The location and the architecture of the Assumption Cathedral are the evidences of the existence of a political and missionary program developed by Tsar Ivan IV in order to expand the territory of Muscovy. The frescoes of the cathedral are one of the rarest examples of Eastern Orthodox wall paintings.