MuscoviteTatiana Lopatina studied stem cells at the faculty of medicine, Moscow State University, defended her Phd thesis on how the cells promote nerve growth. And in September of last year, she unexpectedly received an invitation to participate in the international L'Oréal-UNESCO for Women in Science program.
Thirteen years in succession 15 lucky women - top women scientists have received fellowship awards for training course in other countries, yet another five people get prizes from the organizers.
- I was chosen among the scholars of Europe and North America. I think this is the strongest group. It includes many countries with very well-developed science, says Tatiana. - Three women are annually elected as representatives from each of five groups. It is them who receive fellowship awards.
Candidates in each country were selected by the National Commission for UNESCO. The main criterion is scientific publications. Then, women scientists were sent an invitation. They filled an application for their scientific research. The winners were only determined by a panel of doctors and Nobel Prize winners.
- Our medicine has already solved many problems, says Tatiana Lopatina. - Now more complex problems need to be solved: infarction, diabetes, cancer. Conventional medicine does not have the tools to treat these diseases, new ways need to be found. I think the stem cells and gene therapy are the next logical step.
According to Lopatina, stem cell treatments can regenerate tissue. It must be only understood how this process works. Currently, due to lack of information, their use is banned throughout the world.
- Stem cells are still not well understood, says Tatiana. - They survive after transplantation, for example, for a month; in this period they secrete a lot of active molecules, which help grow blood vessels, inhibit inflammation. But it happens more often that the cells do not survive. It is also good. Because the greatest possible danger is that the cells will facilitate the development of cancer. That is why they are not allowed to be used.
Tatiana can not predict how long it will take to study stem cells until they will be used in medicine legally. But thanks to the fellowship awards she will continue to study them at University of Turin in Italy. And afterwards she will return to Russia.
Source: “Komsomolskaya Pravda”