Normative documents

UNESCO is given the authority to develop and adopt international universal regulations in the field of education.

The UNESCO Agreements and Conventions:

  • Agreement for Facilitating the International Circulation of Visual and Auditory Materials of an Educational, Scientific and Cultural Character (Beirut Agreement); Protocol of Signature and a document about the certified copy deposit in accordance with Article IV of the Agreement (December 10, 1948).
  • Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials (Florence Agreement); Annexes A to E and the Protocol (17 June 1950).
  • Universal Copyright Convention, the Supplementary Declaration relating to Article XVII, and Resolution concerning Article XI; Additional Protocol 1, Additional Protocol 2; Additional Protocol 3 (6 September 1952).
  • Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict (The Hague Convention, May 14, 1954) and Protocols 1 and 2 of the Convention.
  • Convention on International Exchange of Publications (December 3, 1958).  
  • Convention concerning the Exchange of Official Publications and Government Documents between States (December 3, 1958).
  • International Convention for the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations (Rome Convention, October 26, 1961).  
  • Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (November 14, 1970).
  • Berne Convention for the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works (Paris Act, WIPO, 24 July 1971).
  • World Copyright Convention revised in Paris on July 24, 1971. Additional Declaration relating to Article XVII, and Resolution concerning Article XI; Additional Protocol 1, Additional Protocol 2 (July 24, 1971).
  • Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of their Phonograms (October 29, 1971).
  • Convention concerning the Protection of World Cultural and Natural Heritage (November 16, 1972).
  • Convention Relating to the Distribution of Program-Carrying Signals Transmitted by Satellite (Brussels Convention, 21 May 1974).  
  • Protocol to the Agreement on the Importation of Educational, Scientific and Cultural Materials, and Annex A-H (26 November 1976).
  • Multilateral Convention for the Avoidance of Double Taxation of Copyright Royalties and Additional Protocol to the Convention (December 13, 1979).
  • Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (November 21, 2001).
  • International Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (October 17, 2003).
  • Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions (October 19, 2005).  

UNESCO Recommendations:

  • Recommendation on International Principles Applicable to Archaeological Excavations (5 December 1956).
  • Recommendation concerning the Most Effective Means of Rendering Museums Accessible to Everyone (14 December 1960).
  • Recommendation on the Safeguarding of the Beauty and Character of Landscapes and Sites (December 11, 1962).  
  • Recommendation on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Export, Import and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (November 19, 1964).
  • Recommendation concerning the Preservation of Cultural Property Endangered by Public or Private Works (November 19, 1968).  
  • Recommendation for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (November 16, 1972).  
  • Recommendation on the Legal Protection of Translators and Translations and the Practical Means to improve the Status of Translators (22 November 1976).  
  • Recommendation on Participation by the People at Large in Cultural Life and their Contribution to It (26 November 1976).  
  • Recommendation concerning the International Exchange of Cultural Property (26 November 1976).  
  • Recommendation concerning the Safeguarding and Contemporary Role of Historic Areas (November 26, 1976).  
  • Recommendation for the Protection of Movable Cultural Property (November 28, 1978).  
  • Recommendation concerning the Status of the Artist (27 October 1980).  
  • Recommendation for the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images (27 October 1980).  
  • Recommendation on the Safeguarding of Folklore (November 15, 1989).  

UNESCO Declarations:

  • Declaration of Principles of International Cultural Cooperation (November 4, 1966).
  • Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2 November 2001).
  • Declaration concerning the Intentional Destruction of Cultural Heritage (17 October 2003).