The range of problems of cultural diversity is a priority issue for UNESCO. In fact, activities in the area of formulation of challenges for the world community began with the first years of the establishment of the Organization.
Important stages were completed on this way such as the elaboration of the Declaration of the Principles of International Cultural Cooperation (1966), Mexico City Declaration on Cultural Policies (1982), Report of the World Commission on Culture and Development “Our Creative Diversity” (1996), UNESCO Universal Declaration on Cultural Diversity (2001).
On the proposal of UNESCO, the 57th Session of the UN General Assembly declared May 21 the World Day for Cultural Diversity for Dialogue and Development.
The pilot project “Global Alliance for Cultural Diversity” is being successfully implemented, where the methodology of the organization of the Hermitage Museum appears as exemplary. A number of other projects related to issues of cultural diversity, for example, the “Network of Creative Cities”, the development of cultural tourism, and others are actively supported by UNESCO.
The 33rd Session of the General Conference of UNESCO in October 2005 adopted the Convention on the Protection and Promotion of the Diversity of Cultural Expressions.
The 62nd Session of the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed the year 2010 the International Year for the Rapprochement of Cultures. As one of the initiators of this decision, Russia introduced a number of proposals that at the 35th Session of the General Conference of UNESCO in October 2009 were included in the UNESCO Action Plan for the activities of this International Year.