The MAB was established in 1971 to solve global contradictions that arise in the field of environment and development.
The program established a worldwide network of biosphere reserves (BR), which cover all the world's major ecosystems. Each of the reserves consists of at least one protected area, as well as the adjacent buffer zone and the zone of cooperation. In total, as of December 2009 the World Network includes 553 biosphere reserves in 107 countries.
Under the leadership of the Director of the Institute of Ecology of Plants and Animals, Ural Branch of RAS, Academician V.N. Bolshakov (member of the Commission of the Russian Federation for UNESCO) the Russian Committee (RC) of the MAB program has been successfully operating. Russia’s representative, Deputy Chairman of the Russian Committee of the MAB V.M. Neronov is Vice President of the governing body of the Program - the International Coordinating Council.
The Committee represents the Russian Federation in two MAB Regional Networks - European and East Asian ones.
Biosphere Reserves in Russia
Biosphere reserves are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems that have received international recognition in the framework of the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Program (MAB). They are intended to promote and be an example of optimal relationship between man and nature.
Currently, the World Network of Biosphere Reserves includes 39 Russian BR. Activities related to Biosphere Reserves development and management is primarily determined by the provisions of the Madrid Plan of Action (MPOA) - a document approved by the 3rd World Congress “The Future of the Biosphere. UNESCO Biosphere Reserves for Sustainable Development (4-8 February 2008, Madrid). Based on the Seville Strategy, the MPOA is designed to optimize some of its provisions and to propose innovative approaches to solving problems related to the further development of the BR.
List of Russian Biosphere Reserves
- Caucasian* 1978 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Oksky 1978 email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Prioksko-Terrasny 1978 email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Sikhote-Alinsky* 1978 email@example.com
- Central Chernozem 1978 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Astrakhanskiy 1984 email@example.com
- Kronotsky* 1984 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Lapland 1984 email@example.com
- Pechora-Ilychsky* 1984 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
- Sayano-Shushensky 1984 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Sokhondinsky 1984 email@example.com
- Voronezh 1984 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Tsentralno-Lesnoy 1985 email@example.com
- Baikalsky* 1986 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Barguzinsky* 1986 email@example.com
- Tsentralno-Sibirsky 1986 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Chernye Zemli 1993 email@example.com
- Taimyrsky 1995 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
- Ubsunurskaya Kotlovina* 1997 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Daursky 1997 email@example.com
- Teberdinsky 1997 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
- Katunsky* 2000 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Nerusso-Desnianskoe-Polesie 2001 email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Visimsky 2001 email@example.com
- Vodlozersky National Park 2001 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Commander Islands 2002 email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Darvinsky 2002 email@example.com
- Nizhegorodskoye Zavolzhye-Kerzhensky 2002 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
- Ugra National Park 2002 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
- Smolenskoye Poozerye National Park 2002 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com
- Far East Marine 2003 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Kedrovaya Pad 2004 email@example.com
- Valdaysky National Park 2004 firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Kenozersky National Park 2004 email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Khankaisky (Khanka Lake) 2005 email@example.com
- Great Volzhsko-Kamsky 2005 firstname.lastname@example.org
- Srednevolzhsky 2006 email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Rostovsky 2008 email@example.com
- Altaisky* 2009 firstname.lastname@example.org
* BR, being part of UNESCO World Heritage sites are marked with an asterisk.
Significance for Russia:
• The biosphere reserves are of great importance for fulfilling Russia's obligations under the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Convention for the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, for Russia's bilateral and international cooperation in the sphere of environmental protection.